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                首页>秦域美食名胜

                陕西窑洞

                2018-08-17 16:00 来源:

                陕西窑洞是中国北方黄土高原上特有的传统◣民居形式,分土窑洞、石窑洞、砖窑洞、土基子窑洞、柳椽柳巴子窑洞和接口子窑洞多种。到陕北旅游,无论是游览卐延安,还是游览榆林地区,抬头低头随处可见那↙或傍山而建、或平地而箍、或沉入地㊣ 下筑成大井式院落的窑洞。

                窑洞

                远在4000多年前,生活在陕西北部黄土高原上的↓先民就有挖穴而居的习俗。因为高原上①的黄土粘、硬,不易塌陷。窑洞都是依山而建,在天Ψ然土壁上水平向里凿土挖洞,施工简便、便于自建、造价低廉,而且〖住在里面冬暖夏凉。直到今天,窑洞式房屋还广泛分布在∩黄土高原,居住人口达4000多万。


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